**When and where:** TuTh 12:30-2P, 51 EVANS;

**Format:** two 1.5-hr class meetings per week (student participation strongly encouraged); discussion on individual basis (by appointment)

**Instructor:** Associate Professor Dmitry Budker

- Office: 273 Birge, Labs: 217, 219, 221, 230, 241, 245 Birge
- tel. 643-1829
- e-mail: budker@socrates.Berkeley.edu
- research group web page: http://socrates.berkeley.edu/~budker/

**Office hour:** Teusdays, 2-3, or by appointment; in 273 Birge

**Course credit** will be given on the basis of the homework (50%) and oral presentations (50%). Each student is required to make at least one presentation during the semester; more presentations are encouraged! A brief one-page (professionally formatted and edited) abstract of the presentation should be turned in at the time of presentation. Please include the presenter's name and the date of the presentation in the abstract. The abstract should be composed as if it was for a talk to be presented at the American Physical Society meeting, and should give your colleagues a convincing reason to attend your talk. It should contain important key-words that will help them identify the subject area of your research and the most important result(s) to be presented.

**Synopsis and goals of the course:**

The course will provide an introduction to and overview of the the vast field of modern atomic physics. It will start with a review of basic properties of atoms (such as, for example, state classification and angular momenta), and the interactions of atoms with light. We will then move on to discussing "hot" topics, such as, for example, laser cooling, Bose-Einstein condensation, atomic parity violation, etc., with a choice of specific topics determined by the mutual interests of the audience and the instructor. Initially, I anticipate that the following themes will be touched upon most extensively:

**Tentative course outline:**

1. Introduction and Review 6 hours

Hydrogenic Atoms; theory of angular momentum; many-electron systems; Zeeman and Stark effects; fine structure; hyperfine structure; isotope shifts; Lamb shift.

2. Emission and Absorption of Radiation 6 hours

E1, M1, E2 Multipoles; spontaneous emission; stimulated emission and absorption; line width.

3. Atomic Beams and Magnetic Resonance 3 hours

4. Lasers 6 hours

Basic principles; tunable lasers; non-linear optics.

5. Laser Spectroscopy 8 hours

Linear spectroscopy: fluorescence, photo-ionization, absorption; optical pumping; non-linear spectroscopy: 2-photon processes, saturation spectroscopy; linear and non-linear Faraday rotation.

6. Laser Cooling and Trapping 7 hours

7. Fundamental Symmetries 8 hours

Parity violation in atoms; search for P- and T- odd effects (electric dipole moments).

8. Student Conference (Final Examination) 5 hours

We might opt to have student presenatations throughout the semester

**Required text: **Foot, C.J., **ATOMIC PHYSICS**, Oxford

**Recommended texts (general): **

- Bransden & Joachain,
**PHYSICS OF ATOMS AND MOLECULES**, 2nd edition, Longman

- D. Budker, D. F. Kimball, and D. P. DeMille,
**Atomic Physics. An Exploration through Problems and Solutions**, Oxford University Press, 2004 [ISBN:0198509499, 0198509502 (pbk.); Physics QC776 .B83 2004)] (Click here)

**Recommended texts (good textbooks on specific subfields):**

- C. Cohen-Tannoudji,
**Atoms in Electromagnetic Fields**, 2nd ed., World Scientific, 2004.

**Physics (and not-quite-physics) bed-time reading: **

- Charles H. Townes,
**How the Laser Happened: Adventures of a Scientist**, Oxford University Press, 1999 (ISBN: 0195122682) - Seabrook, W.
**Doctor Wood, Modern Wizard of the Laboratory**. New York, Harcourt, Brace and company, 1941 (Physics Library QC16.W6 S4) - Margarita Ryutova-Kemoklidze,
**The Quantum Generation: Highlights and Tragedies of the Golden Age of Physics**, Springer Verlag, 1995 (ISBN: 0387532986) - Segrè, Emilio.
**A Mind Always in Motion: The Autobiography of Emilio Segre**. Berkeley: University of California Press, c1993. http://ark.cdlib.org/ark:/13030/ft700007rb/

- The 03/17/05 guest lecture on
**Thin-Disc Yb:YAG Lasers**was given by Dr. Patrick G. McNamara of the ELS Corporation - Find out about the most recent
**Nobel Prizes**in Physics!

- Physics Department Colloquia, Seminars, and Special Events
- Physics 290 F "Atomic" Seminar
- LBNL Nuclear Science Division Colloquia

- Plan of Lectures (coming up!)
- A lecture by Derek F. Kimball, Nonlinear Magneto-Optical Rotation with Frequency-Modulated Light which describes some of the research in our group
- Check out our upper division and graduate physics tutorials
- Download MathReader from Wolfram
- Hartree-Fock interactive software by S. M. Rochester
- Software for visualization of atomic orbitals

- Budker group web tutorials
- NIST atomic spectroscopy databases
- Optics Lectures from Georgia Tech, including Ultrafast Optics
- Molecular Expressions -- a collection of very cool optics and physics interactive tutorials, including Powers of Ten
- Physics137A: Quantum Mechanics
- Physics124: Introductory Nuclear Physics
- Physics 250: Selected hot, cool, and ultracold topics in modern atomic physics
- Prof. Rich Muller's Physics 10: Physics for Future Presidents (including online version of his textbook)
- Prof. Robert A. Harris' Chemistry 221:Quantum Mechanics
- CRC Handbook of Chemistry and Physics
- LBNL Table of Isotopes and related links
- Glossary of Nuclear Terms
- Web Elements Periodic Table
- Nuclear Science Division, LBNL
- Particle Data Group (PDG)
- Radioactivity and radiation protection (from PDG) (pdf)
- Eric Weisstein's World of Physics
- Eric Weisstein's World of Mathematics
- Eric Weisstein's World of Chemistry
- Eric Weisstein's World of Astronomy
- Mathematical Special Functions
- University of Colorado Physics2000 laser cooling and Bose-Einstein condensation tutorials and video games
- Aaron Lindenberg's Physics of Music

- The Helium Atom talk by Nikki Meshkat
- Quantum Computing talk by Paul McGuirk
- The Faraday Effect talk by Zachary Marshall
- Geonium talk by Miriam Graf
- Self-Induced Transparency talk by Christine Tsai
- Spectroscopic analysis of trace molecules in the atmosphere talk by Nicola Lumley
- Light-Induced Drift (LID) of atoms

- Modern Optical Parametric Oscillators as light sources for spectroscopy

- Superfluorescence

- The Kapitsa-Dirac effect. See talk by Victor Acosta
- Most recent precision measurements of Lamb shift in hydrogen

- Bose-Einstein condensation in neutral atomic traps. See talk by Brian Krausz
- Electromagnetically-induced transparency
- Orthopositronium lifetime measurements talk by Charles Fang
- Casimir Effect

- Resarch with antiatoms

- Gravitation measurements with atomic interferometers

- Chaos in atoms

- Laser spectroscopy of neutral clusters

- Circular states in atoms

- The Autler-Townes effect

- Precision experiments with muonic atoms

- ; due Thursday, 02/03
- ; due Thursday, 02/10
- ; due Thursday, 02/17
- ; due Thursday, 02/24
- ; due Tuesday, 03/08
- ; due Tuesday, 03/15
- ; due Tuesday, 03/29
- ; due Tuesday, 04/05

**Acknowledgment and Disclaimer:** This material is based in part upon work supported by the National Science Foundation. Any opinions, findings and conclusions or recomendations expressed in this material are those of the authors and do not necessarily reflect the views of the National Science Foundation (NSF).