Introduction to Quantum Electronics and Nonlinear
Optics
Course Description
This 4unit course is devoted to a review of basics and some of the
exciting developments in the vast and rapidly evolving field of quantum
electronics and nonlinear optics. Discussion of physical pictures and "back
of the envelope" estimates will take precedence over formal derivations
wherever possible. There are no prerequisites for enrollment. Undergraduates
familiar with the basics of electrodynamics and quantum mechanics are welcome.
The topics will include:
Nonlinear susceptibilities, wave propagation in nonlinear media, electrooptical
and magnetooptical effects, linear and nonlinear Faraday rotation. (3 lectures)
Acoustooptics. (1)
Gaussian optics, optical resonators. (2)
Laser dynamics: modelocking, Qswitching. Ultrashort pulses. (2)
Description of some important laser systems. (3)
Harmonic generation, sum and difference frequency generation, phase matching,
quasiphase matching. (2)
Parametric oscillation. (1)
Superradiance, photon echoes, selfinduced transparency. (2)
Coherence and fluctuations in quantum optics, squeezed states of light.
(2)
Raman and Brillouin scattering. (1)
Highresolution laser spectroscopy: twophoton and multiphoton processes,
optical pumping, hole burning, saturation and polarization spectroscopy.
(3)
Fourwave mixing, wavefront conjugation. (2)
Format: Two 1.5 hour lectures/discussions
a week: MW 9:30  11, 430 Birge. Several sets of homework problems
will be distributed during the semester. In the end of the course, students
will be required to give oral presentations to the class on current research
topics.
Instructor:
D. Budker.
Office: 219 Birge,
Labs: B217, 217, 221, 230 Birge,
tel. 6431829
email: budker@socrates.Berkeley.edu
.
Office hour: M 1112, 219 Birge.
Texts: There is no required
text, however several texts are highly recommended:

Y. R. Shen. The Principles of Nonlinear Optics. Wiley.

A. Siegman. Lasers. University Science Books, c1986. UCB Physics
QC688 .S561 1986 Reserve

Yariv. Quantum Electronics. Wiley.

Yariv and P. Yeh. Optical Waves in Crystals. Wiley.

R. Loudon. The quantum theory of light. 2nd ed. Oxford : Clarendon
Press ; New York, Oxford University Press, 1983. UCB Physics QC446.2 .L68
1983 Reserve

N. V. Karlov. Lectures on quantum electronics. Moscow : Mir Publishers
; Boca Raton, Fla. : CRC Press, c1993. UCB Physics QC689 .K3713 1993

W. Demtroder. Laser spectroscopy : basic concepts and instrumentation.
Berlin ; New York : SpringerVerlag.

L. D. Landau and E.M. Lifshitz. Electrodynamics of continuous media.
Pergamon.

UCB Physics QC661 .L2413 1984 Reserve; UCB Physics QC446.3.O67 Z45 1985

R. W. Boyd. Nonlinear optics. Boston : Academic Press, c1992.

UCB Physics QC446.2 .B69 1992
Many additional references will be suggested throughout the course.
Suggested topics for presentation (other suggestions
are welcome):

Exciting nonlinear optics on the surface (a brief review).

Lasers with wavefront conjugating mirrors.

Testing QED with lasers.

Lasers without population inversion.

Gammalasers (grasers).

Natural lasers.

Solitons in lasers and nonlinear optics.

Colliding pulse lasers.

Laser gyroscopes.

Excimer lasers.

TiSapphire lasers.

Fiber lasers.
Recommended Reading on Squeezed States

G. Leuchs, Contemp. Phys. 29(3), 299 (1988).
A pictorial introduction to the field of nonclassical light.
A good place to start.

R. Loudon and P. L. Knight, J. Mod. Optics, 34(6/7), 709 (1987).
A great theoretical introduction. Also, check out other articles
in this Special Issue devoted to squeezing.

JOSA B, 4(10), October 1987.
This is also a Special Issue devoted to squeezing.
It contains the following articles (and many others):
R. E. Slusher et al , Squeezedlight generation by
fourwave mixing near an atomic resonance. It describes an improved
version of the experiment in which squeezing was observed for the first
time.
LingAn Wu et al, Squeezed states of light from an
optical parametric oscillator.

Carlton M. Caves, Quantummechanical noise in an interferometer, Phys.
Rev. D 23(8), 1693 (1981).
The famous paper introducing the concept of vacuum noise
entering the unused port of a beamsplitter and pointing out a possibility
in principle to beat the shotnoise limit in an interferometer by using
squeezed light. Also discusses ways to generate squeezed states in practice.

Try searching the INSPEC database (e.g. on MELVYL) with the keyword Squeezed.
This
gives a good idea of how hot and diverse the field is. Happy surfing!